Neither of these parties endorse or recommend any commercial products, services, or equipment. Among the new applications, which are supported by the NIH Common Fund to the tune of $17.8 million, is a fresh center for learning induced pluripotent stem cells and an effort to phenotypically characterize thousands of knock-out mouse models. “These strategic investments shall yield critical new resources, scientific knowledge, and strategic partnerships across a wide landscape of simple biology, behavioral science, global health, and scientific medicine,” said NIH director Francis Collins in a statement..Nontuberculosis mycobacteria could cause severe health complications, especially in senior and immune-compromised patients. Previously, the identification of both groups of microorganisms has been a very demanding job in the routine microbiology laboratory. For mycobacteria, basic biochemical identification procedures aren’t available due to their high pathogenicity and their gradual growth. Accordingly, secure inactivation protocols need to be employed first. Classical fungi analysis, on the other hand, requires deep expert understanding of morphology and molecular biology of the species. Especially microscopy-based identification can be error-prone, as morphology might transformation with different growth circumstances or fungal growth phases. In recent years, the MALDI Biotyper has shown to be a breakthrough microbiology identification tool compared to classical identification approaches, as it does not rely on any metabolic behaviour but on molecular proteomic signatures of the respective microbial species.